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Latest Seminar Topics for ECE with PPT and Report (2020)

8086 Microprocessors

It is an extended version of 8085 processor constructed by Intel in 1976. 8086 micro-processor is of 16-bit size and has 20-bit address bus. It is a pipelined architecture and can access to 1 MB of memory. Its cost is comparatively high as compared to the older version. It is a collection of 29000 transistors and offers faster processing.

Augmented Reality

It is working on the algorithm based on computer vision to enhance the audio, video, graphics and other inputs on the real-world environment by using the camera. Augmented reality adds the digital content to a live view, and it appears like a part of the physical world. Examples of this are PokemonGo, Google sky map.

Animatronics

Animatronics is the replica of a human or an animal by using steel cables to create the shape of the muscles and bones. It was first introduced by Disney in 1961 for entertainment and film purposes. It is another form of robots which are performed predefined moves and recorded sounds. Their movements can be controlled by computer or human both.

Bubble Power

It is a technique to generate energy and it is based on the principle of sonofusion. Tiny bubbles are collapsed by using sound waves inside a high-pressure flask which produces hydrogen fuse and energy is discharged. This technology provides a cheap and compact detector for surveillance and security purposes. It generates more energy as compares to consumption.

Bio-Battery

It is a device which is used to store energy and it is mechanized by organic mixtures in human blood. It is charged at a faster speed with a regular supply of sugar or glucose. It is a renewable power source and does not dependent on an external source of supply. These batteries are used by researchers in the experiments as a source of energy.

Black Box Testing

It is a software testing technique in which tester does not know the working of the system. It is also known as behavioral testing which includes the testing of incorrect input or output, database access or performance issues. Limitation of this approach is only limited test cases can be tested and many areas remain untouched.

CAPTCHA

It stands for completely automated public Turing test to tell computers and humans apart. A computer program that is designed to distinguish the input given by a machine and a human being. It is used as a security check on many systems on which authentication is based on the user. Examples of captcha are word solving or identification of a specific image from a large number of pictures.

Cryogenic Technology

It is a combination of liquid oxygen and hydrogen to provide the highest energy to rocket engines to force them to produce a large amount of plunge. Cryogenic is the output of this method which is the prime source of fuel to rockets. Various combinations of oxidized fuels are tried to get a new source, but a combination of liquid oxygen and hydrogen is widely used.

Laser Communication

It is a free-space optical communication in outer space which covers thousands of kilometers and it is mainly used for inter-satellite communication. At the commercial level, it is used on high altitude platforms to provide robust support and high performance to optical-based backend networks. Due to its lower weight and compact size, it is capable of sending data at higher rates.

Feasibility Study

It is the assessment of the project to find the possible operations and outcomes that can be achieved. All the relevant factors such as technical, legal, economical and optimized business solutions are used to comprehend the benefits and negative points. Before taking up any project, project managers perform this study to discern the pros and cons to avoid the wastage of time and money.

Face Recognition Technology

With the innovation of new technology, the system can validate a person using an image or video using a recording device such as a camera. It is widely used to give user-based authorization, protection of data through eye or face detection. It compares the information fetched through the device with the saved information in the database.

Free Space Optics (FSO)

It is an optical technology to transmit data using light propagation in free space for computer networking. It is a wireless technology which is helpful to cover the areas in which physical wiring is not feasible to implement. Laser light is being used which is transmitting data at a lower rate for shorter distances. Infrared data association is the best example of it.

It is a cell to produce electric energy by converting the chemical energy of a fuel to and an oxidizing agent through a pair of redox reactions. It is passing the oxygen through cathode and hydrogen through the anode. At anode end, hydrogen molecules are break down into electrons and protons. It can be used to power the electric motor or lighting a bulb or city.

Human Detection

Human detection is a technique of locating the humans in series of aerial images or videos and is widely used for surveillance purposes and it contributes to other fields such as complex reasoning modules and dynamic screen reading to find analytical figures. Process of feature design and selection is the step in designing human detection software.

H.323

It is a telecommunication protocol based on IP video conferencing and internet telephony. It is an architecture which contains equipment, computer systems for communication for real-time video, audio and data details. It offers one to one or multipoint communication and the main components used on H.323 are terminals, gateways, gatekeepers and multi-control units.

It is the emerging demand of the time to save electricity and reduces the risk of failure in power supply. It is backed up battery support and charging will be stopped automatically. It handles the functionality of OFF and ON when the main power is activated. It is a powerful source of energy with a low cost of implementation.

Li Fi Technology

It stands for Light fidelity which is a wireless data communication in which light is used as the main power source to transmit data between devices. It helps to enhance the security of wireless networks. It is used in waiting rooms, patient rooms and theatres to avoid the electromagnetic issues from mobiles and use of Wi-fi.

It is a cheaper solution for flat panel displays. Light-emitting polymers replaced the insulators and it is a chain of small molecular components called monomers. It provides better display and it can be customized according to client requirements in a compact size. Researchers are still working on the gaps to improve the efficacy and lifetime of polymer displays.

A light tree enables communication from a single source node to multipoint destination nodes. It is an optical channel which can provide multiple fiber links to connect and increases the throughput. This concept was introduced by WDM systems to combine two signals and later on it expands the network capacity without additional fiber.

Paper Battery

It is created by merging the nanotubes which are made up of carbon and cellulose, known as composite paper. It is mainly used in mobile gadgets and devices which required power supply from electrical batteries. A paper battery consists of a supercapacitor which has high density and produces extreme power. Major components which are required for the battery are carbon nanotube, lithium metal, electrodes and paper.

Poka Yoke

Poka-yoke is a Japanese word which means “error-free” and its purpose is to identify, rectify and paying attention to human error which causes problems in the operation of the equipment. It helps the operator to avoid mistakes and improve productivity. This concept is developed to attain the quality in production processes and remove the steps that cause problems in equipment.

Palm Vein Technology (PVT)

It is a biometric method that identifies the unique patterns of the human palm. Moreover, it is widely used for user authentication as well as for authorization assignment. The infrared beam is used to read palm pattern that are appeared as blue lines on the device which are compared with the image stored in the database.

Parasitic Computing is a programming technique which is used to solve the complex ciphering problems. This term was first coined in 2001 and it is implemented at many layers on the internet using TCP or higher levels. Example of this technique is TCP checksum which is used to solve any Boolean problem. It is exploiting the HTTP encryption which could be handled in a better way.

It is a type of programmable memory which can be used once in semiconductor circuits to store unique data like chip numbers. A poly fuse is a read-only memory device which can be programmed electrically once the packaging is done. Modern polyfused can work in a high voltage and electrical resistance which was a drawback in early days.

RAIN Technology

RAIN symbolize a reliable array of independent nodes and these nodes named as clusters which are joining two or more systems to manage the workload distribution and it is attained by using RAIN technology. The main agenda of this technology is to reduce the number of nodes and fault management without loss of data. Set of rules are imposed on the nodes to keep the data safe.

It is a device which can insert in a TV set or monitor in the form of a card that enables the people of all age groups to learn programming languages. It offers an interface at low cost with high performance to learn and solve problems by their own. You can use ethernet to connect the raspberry pi to the laptop at a reasonable speed of internet.

Swarm Intelligence (SI)

With the emerging technology of artificial intelligence, swarm intelligence came into existence. It deals with the natural and artificial systems composed of decentralized or self-organization. Examples of swarm intelligence are species of ants and termite and human artefacts also fall under the same category. It also includes programs which resolve the problem of optimization and data analysis problems.

It is an alloy which can change its shape according to the temperature. Shape memory can mould its shape when it is cold and gains its original shape after heating it. It is also called muscle wire or smart alloy. A common example of shape alloy is teeth braces because of its elasticity of the metal. Titanium and nickel-based memory alloys are expensive.

HawK-Eye Technology

This technology is mainly designed for sports to measure the trajectory of the ball and display the statistics as a moving image. To exemplify this technology, the system read the video in real-time and track the movements on camera. Different views are combined to create a 3D image of the path of the ball.

Automatic Street Light

To avoid manual handling of ON and OFF the switch for proper management of lights, the automatic street light concept was introduced. Sensor circuits are used to measure the darkness level and once it is reached to some extent then circuits get charged and lights will be switched off automatically. It is mainly used to save electricity in large areas such as traffic and street lights.

E- Textiles

Electronic textile means using the electric components on wearables to enhance its design. A common example of this trend is activewear is embedded with sensors to improve the performance of an athlete by regulating body temperature. LEDs, integrated circuits, batteries are the main devices used to activate electronic variant in clothing.

It is a protocol which is a blend of hardware and software to improves the alignment of solar panel with the sun to achieve maximum benefit of the solar system. Hardware components of this system include solar panel assembly structure, system control and complete PCB. Sensors constantly monitor the sunlight and move the panel where it will get maximum sunlight.

OLED stands for organic light-emitting diodes which are made up of organic materials. It emits light when electricity is applied to it. It does not require any backlights and more efficient, compact and flexible to apply. It is used to create digital screens for television, computer systems, mobile phones and game consoles. It offers great image quality, better color contrasts, fast processing and unique view angles.

Monorail System

It is a type of railway in which a beam supports the operations of the train and guide on the routes and it is a single track for running the train. A prime advantage of the monorail is the requirement of less space both lying down and perpendicular. The monorail is generally elevated which requires minimum interaction with traffic and accident are very rare.

It was introduced by intel in 1976 and it is an 8-bit processor. It has 16-bit address bus which can address up to 64 kb. It has six registers of 8 bit arranged in pairs and it is commonly used in mobile phones, ovens and washing machines. The architecture of 8085 mainly includes timing and control unit, Instruction register, a register array and serial input/output control.

Smart Antenna

A smart antenna is also known as multiple antennas which is an array of antennas to increase the efficiency of digital networks. It was invented by a German physicist in 1905 by placing three antennas to force the radiation in one path and decline radiation in another direction. An antenna is used to send and receive the electromagnetic waves.

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials are made up of metals, oxides or semiconductors by using their electrical, mechanical, optical and chemical features. It is mainly used for ceramic coating, paints, self-cleaning windows or scratch-proof sunglasses. Nanomaterials are used to increase the safety of the automobiles. Nanomaterials are very minute in size which makes them more useful in different practical uses.

MOSFET

It stands for metal oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor which is used to amplify the signals. It is mainly used in amplifiers which enable it to accept all the incoming signals to control the load current. It is a four-terminal device with source, gate, drain and body terminals. Working of MOSFET depends upon the width of the channel which charges electrons.

Photovoltaic Solar Cell

These cells convert the sunlight into electricity. Name of the cell is derived from the method of converting cells called photons to electricity called voltage which is called the PV effect. Solar panels consist of many smaller units called photovoltaic cells. These cells use semiconductors to communicate for incoming photons from the sun.

Skinput Technology

Technology name itself indicates that it uses human skin and it is a sensor system. The main goal of skinput is to avail a mobile input system and it is not required to carry a device. Moreover, this technology works on a principle named as “bioacoustic”. To exemplify, when fingers tap on the skin, then it creates acoustic signals and the same can be received by the Bio-acoustic sensing device. 

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