180+ Seminar Topics for Civil Engineering with ppt (2020)
Seminar Topics for Civil Engineering with ppt and report (2020): We civil engineers have lots of stuff to do throughout the degree. There are so many seminars, project reports, vivas and exams in our complete engineering degree. So it becomes difficult for us to prepare each seminar separately and that time we feel that there should be some resource where we can get some help. So the place is studymafia.
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Seminar Topics for Civil Engineering with PPT and Report (2020)
The inert solid adsorbent material normally used in removing diverse, non-soluble contaminants from water as well as the streaming process of gas-phase is known as Activated Carbon. It can be made from any type of feedstock that comprises of carbon which includes coconut shells and coal family members. Moreover, when the surface of a liquid or solid substrate accumulates the gas or liquid, then it is called as Adsorption, which is opposite to absorption.
It is the component of a pervasive computing environment. Ambient Intelligence allows connecting and interacting with humans in that atmosphere and the capacity is availed by unobtrusive embedded devices in the environment as well as Natural user interface (NUI). It provides few services in response to the needs and accepting the input of user via voice, impressions and other related non-interruptive alternatives. It deals with an innovative world and it works on computing gadgets.
The high compressive strength and low weight are the two qualities of bamboo as a building material supporting concrete used in some areas where it is available in bulk. Traditionally, it is attached with the cultures of central as well as South America, Asia and the South pacific. It is useful to build the homes and structures that are resistant to earthquake and can handle strong storms. Loads of bamboo species can be utilized for construction purposes.
: The world’s tallest structure is the Burj Khalifa tower which is rising 828 meters high over the deserts of Dubai. The area covered by this huge building is 2, 80,000 square meter which includes office, Giorgio Armani Hotel and residential area. The tower is made up of three elements such as concrete and clad in glass. The central core emerges at the peak and creates aspire.
It is a development project for supercomputer by one of the well-known technology industry, IBM. This includes a series of a system with SoC architecture which indicates system-on-a-chip. The plus points are the high performance and it required low demand for power. The series comprises of Blue Gene/L, Cyclops64, Blue Gene/P and Blue Gene/Q.
The destruction of metals as well as alloys due to the chemical reaction with the atmosphere is called Corrosion. On underwater piles, the anodes are coupled with cathodes through piling metallically. During the corrosion process, the local anodic and cathodic areas shift continuously and it leads to the surface roughening.
The most efficient water and nutrient delivery system for agriculture and crops is drip irrigation. It avails water as well as nutrients to the roots of the plant inaccurate amount, at the correct time and the plants get sufficient as it needs to grow in a good manner. Due to the drip irrigation system, more yields can be produced by the farmers and saves water, energy, fertilizers.
In the construction of the buildings and roofs, a diagonal member-created as a framework through the intersection of various materials such as metals, wooden beam or concrete. Strength and stiffness can be provided by the steel members of the diagrid structures. Nowadays, diagrid structures are used at a high pace when it comes to building complex geometries and curved shapes.
It means falling off a building with the help of equipment and any other alternatives. Implosion happens when we use explosives for the demolition of a building. Structures were built for a certain period and after that time, the existence of these structures are not safe. So, the demolition of the building takes place with different steps such as surveying, removal of hazardous materials, preparation of the plan, stability report and safety measures.
A set of procedures designed and maintained to prevent the effects of a disaster is known as Disaster Management. The main motive is to evading and dealing with the risks. This discipline is always prepared for disasters and supporting as well as reorganizing the society by providing relief operations. Some of the systems and practices of disaster management improved and enhance continuously to deal with a permanent threat. It has four phases such as mitigation, response, recovery and preparedness.
It is not easy to estimate the magnitude of a future earthquake and the intensity at which it shakes at a definite site with some accurate results. Moreover, it is hard to quantify the seismic forces for designing purposes. So, the aim of Earthquake Resistant Building Construction is not to accomplish a structure that will not be destroyed in a huge earthquake but the aim is to improve the performance of the structure without collapse when it shakes.
An excess of water on land that is dry normally, is called Flood. The situation of flood happens when the water in rivers and other bodies of water flow over the natural boundaries onto the dry land. The main cause for flood is the excessive rainfall and the poor maintenance of the river.
A blend of cement, mortar or concrete and dispersed suitable fibres is defined as Fiber-reinforced Concrete. It is of various kinds and properties with several merits. Meshes, woven fabrics and long wires are not considered as discrete fibre. FRC comprises of fibrous material which leads to increase the structural integrity and includes short discrete fibres such as steel fibres, glass fibres, synthetic fibres and natural fibres.
A permeable synthetic textile material is known as Geotextile, which is made from polyester or polypropylene polymers. It is also used to maximize the stability of soil and provide control over erosion. A range of geotextiles can be created with the help of various polymers and industrialized procedures that make them helpful in different kinds of civil construction applications. It is a huge part of agriculture as well as ecosystem management.
These are made up of the concrete wastes and are eco-friendly. The term has given extra steps in the mix design as well as placement to make sure that the structure is sustainable and there is a need for low maintenance. To exemplify, energy-saving, wastewater, CO2 emissions, etc. The topic of green concrete revolutionizes the concrete industry and coined by Dr WG in Denmark in the year 1998.
When we make a comparison with the conventional concrete, then the high-performance concrete has a high level of durability and more strength. This type of concrete comprises of cementitious materials like fly ash, silica fume or ground granulated blast furnace slag and a super plasticizer. This concrete is as similar to that of conventional cement concrete but the proportion of minerals and chemicals like silica fume and super materials increase the durability, potency and workability qualities.
: A hazardous waste is any harmful waste or mishmash wastes that create an extensive danger in the future to human, plants and animals and it cannot be managed without any unique precautions. The hazards categorized in four parts, which are natural events, technological events, man-made events and region-wise events. The negative impacts caused because of unsystematic disposal of harmful wastes classified under Environmental disasters category.
A public road that acts as a link between two or more destinations is known as a highway. The term “highway system” refers to an interconnected set of highways. It is also known as the highway network or highway transportation system.
It is science related to the water resources and comprehends the complex water system on earth and useful to solve the problems related to the water. It gives us information about water on earth, usage of water and the involvement of human. Hydrologists play a significant role in solving issues related to water.
Noise is a sound that we don’t want to hear and sometimes, it causes loss of hearing and nuisance too. Noise control is a strategy to control the noise whether it is outdoor or indoor. There are various types of noise in buildings such as the vibration of huge parts, irregular flow of fluids, improper maintenance, transportation and roadways. This can be controlled with the help of resilient screen decking.
It is a concrete which is made up of Portland cement particles having less than 500 Nano-meters as the agent of cementing. Recently, the size of cement particles ranges from a few nano-meters to a maximum of about a hundred micrometres. To produce the Nano-cement, it is needed to reduce the magnitude.
The procedure of detecting as well as measuring the physical features of a region through its radiation and reflection at a distance is known as Remote Sensing. Remotely sensed images collected by the special cameras which will be helpful for researchers to “sense” the things. For example, the sonar system and Cameras on satellites and aeroplanes.
The technique of collection as well as storage of rainwater at the surface or in aquifers before it is wasted on the surface. Due to terrain conditions, subsurface reservoirs and groundwater augmentation are the best techniques to use the rainwater in the best possible way.
It is a mixture of Portland cement, water and soil. In today’s era, the prices of the building have gone high with time and it is a big achievement if the building material available at a low cost. One such material is soil cement. Moreover, this material is also known as dirt cement as it comprises of a small amount of Portland cement and a large amount of pulverized soil.
It is a tension structure and similar to a normal suspension bridge in many ways. This type of bridge is economically good, aesthetic as well as need no maintenance at all. Moreover, it requires a small number of materials and has less impact on the atmosphere.
A high coarse cumulative content that connects to form a stone skeleton that resists permanent deformation. It was founded in the mid of 1990s in Germany and also known as Split Mastic Asphalt. It has an excellent performance in terms of mechanical and temperature deformation, durability, cracking, surfacing material, weather-resistant and also good for heavily trafficked roads.
Two main paths of applications of nanotechnology in concrete research which is the nano-science and nano-engineering. Nano-science deals with the measurement and features of the cement-based materials in nano and microscale structure. On the other side, Nano-engineering includes the techniques to manipulate the structure at the nanometer scale.
It is an updated and innovative term associated with cross-waterways and utilizing the law of buoyancy to hold the structure at a modest and handy depth. This concept was firstly coined at the beginning of the century but it was not undertaken yet. It is used when the river bed is too deep or too rocky and is a tube-like structure made up of steel and concrete.
Soil Liquefaction is the phenomenon which occurs in saturated soils when there is a loss of strength and due to increased pressure on pore water and it minimizes the effective stresses. In short, it is a concept related to the strength and stiffness of the soil which is reduced due to earthquake or another quick loading.
A very tall and continuously habitable building is known as a skyscraper. A building can call as skyscraper when it stands out above the surrounding and it changes the overall skyline of the city. This term was earlier applied to 10 stories structures but now it covers the structure of the building which has at least 20 stories tall. Universally, there is no minimum height assigned for skyscrapers.
The word “tensegrity” is a contraction of tensional integrity which is coined firstly by Buckminster Fuller. Tensegrity structures are only bar-string configurations and in a stable equilibrium. These are 3-D trusses where some members are in compression and others are in tension.
To improve in safety, mobility and efficiency, this application is the sensing, analyzing, controlling and communication technologies to ground transportation. ITS has loads of applications that share information related to ease in traffic congestion, improve the management of traffic and enhance the merits of transportation for commercial use and for the public too.
When hazardous substances like chemicals or microorganisms contaminate the water of river, lake, ocean or other bodies of water, then water pollution takes place. It degrades the quality of water and exposing the toxics to human beings or the atmosphere. Water is vulnerable and can dissolve more and more substances as compared to any other form of liquid on earth.
It is an integral part of asphalt technology and the asphalt pavement is a result of the correct design as it serves. The motive of the pavement design is to preserve the layer of asphalt from premature distress and not only to satisfy the performance of the whole pavement structure for the long term. Although premature distress still occurs when the entire resistance of pavement design is too strong.
It is the most common type of deep foundation used to transfer the structural loads into the firm soil’s deeper layer in such a manner that soil or rock layer maintain the loads. This type of foundation is more costly as compared to a simple shallow foundation and it can be used at the surface where the capacity of the soil is unbearable.
It refers to monitor the machinery and procedures used in several industries by automatic systems via the use of innovative technologies such as robotics and computer software. Most of the industries implement the automation to maximize their productivity and reduce the costs related to workers and their benefits. Moreover, it maintains precision and flexibility.
: It is a kind of device that is helpful to extract power from tides under the water and this technology is similar to wind energy technology. The name indicates like pulling a windmill in the water. The underwater windmill comprises a rotor, gearbox and a generator.
It is a kind of bridge that comprises of two and sometimes four parallel cables segregated by a distance which is equal to the roadway deck width. The span to use the suspension bridge is of 300-2300 m and can be raised with no towers on the ground. This bridge has an elegant appearance and indicates its functions very clearly.
The term is also known as “low-observable” technology and it comprises of techniques that give military vehicles difficult to observe. To exemplify, it is also used for RADAR (Radio Detection and Ranging). But this technology is deployed now on some surface ships and aircraft.
It is a kind of construction activity that is environmentally friendly and preserves raw material as well as energy and reduces the bad impact on the environment. It is a structure of a building that is environmentally responsible and efficiently uses the resources during the life cycle of building such as designing, construction, operation, renovation and demolition.
It is the radiation from the sun and capable of producing heat which causing chemical reactions and generates electricity. In short, it refers to capture energy from the sun and convert the same to electricity. The energy of the sun is received in the form of solar radiation. Moreover, we can use this energy for lightening up our homes, businesses and streets as well as give power to all the machines. The largest generator of this energy in the world is China, with a capacity of 130gigawatt.
It is a term which consists of skilled and experienced professionals in the construction field and the owner appoint them to handle and manage all the upcoming construction projects. It has been significant for every industry now as the construction work is at peak now and the team of Construction Management is responsible for handling the project on time and within the available budget.
This is an urban lighting term which is a different interaction between pioneering technology and cutting-edge eco-compatible technology. This energy opens up new doors for urban lighting and satisfies the demand related to social, environment, culture and aesthetic. A solar tree is an elegant one with LED bubbles as fruits that lighten up by sunlight accumulation throughout the day which will be used at night time.
It is defined as types of material that react as well as sensitive to environmental conditions or stimuli such as mechanical, chemical, electrical and magnetic signals. Such type of material allows us to get used to environmental changes by activating its functions. The development of smart material is natural and can be renewed.
It refers to use green plants for degradation and containment of contaminants in soils, groundwater as well as surface waters. This is an emerging technology which is helpful to uncontaminated the soil and water bodies from lethal pollutants. Moreover, it is economically best and rudimentary way out to make improvements in the economies.
CFD is a science that helps produce the quantitative predictions of the fluid-flow phenomenon based on conservation law. It is an evolution to solve the equations of fluid motion numerically to analyze the fluid flow phenomena. Finite-difference and finite-flow are two approaches to Computational Fluid Dynamics. This is applied to mathematics, physics as well as computational software to analyze the flow of gas or liquid and how the flow of gas affects the object.
It refers to the refinement of product design to optimize them for human use. In this, height, weight, proportions, hearing, sights, temperature and other things related to human characteristics are considered. Sometimes, it is also known as human factors engineering. If the ergonomic products are poorly made or improperly designed, then the person, who is using it, can suffer from unnecessary fatigue, stress as well as injury too.
Energy is significant for all humans and its proper usage must be assigned. So, an energy audit is the optimization of energy cost, pollution control, safety realms and also advises to improve the operating as well as maintenance practices of the system. It provides vital information related to all the energy conservation programs which include the utilization of energy and evaluate the measures related to energy conservation.
It is the monoalkyl esters of fatty acids resultant from renewable feedstocks like vegetable oil or animal fats, for engine use. Moreover, it is less costly than oil, environment-friendly and non-toxic. In addition to this, it doesn’t contain any particle of sulfur and also not responsible for global warming due to the non-contribution of fossil fuels.
It refers to the cross-section of the soil vertically and can be seen by exhuming a rectangular pit or layer by layer sampling of soil. During the formation of the soil, the soil is found and arranged in layers. The layers formed are called horizons and the series of soil is the soil profile. A layer can be observed by colour and has distinctive characteristics.
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