Power Steering PPT | Presentation | PDF Report: At present, there are distinct types of steering systems or mechanisms in use.

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Power Steering Presentation and PDF Report

These distinct types are explained in below diagram:


Fig1: Distinct Types of Steering Systems

Power assisted hydraulic steering systems:

Power assisted hydraulic steering systems which are in use are mentioned below:

  1. Power assisted hydraulic steering system:
  • Screw and nut
  • Cam and lever
  • Gerotor
  • Rack and pinion
  • Recirculating ball screw and nut
  • Worm and roller
  1. Power assisted electro-hyd steering system:
  • Rack and pinion
  • Gerotor
  1. Power assisted electric steering system:
  • Rack and pinion

Need for power steering:

Below points explains about a need for power steering:

  • There is a requirement of power steering as we need to achieve highest possible road safety under present enhancing traffic density.
  • There is also a requirement under of safety under high axle roads.
  • Safety under poor road conditions has to be achieved.

Situations mentioned above force drive of a vehicle to operate a vehicle at a low speed and enhancing the effort of steering causes fatigue to drivers. There will be a poor judgment of fatigue driver and poor judgment in driving is nothing but the potential of accidents if enhanced. Thus, this led to the advancement of power steering.

Benefits of Power Steering:

Benefits of power steering are mentioned below:

  • Effortless steering
  • Quick and precise response
  • It absorbs road shocks
  • It furnishes controllability and greater safety under critical situations

System layout of a typical power steering:


Fig2: A Typical Power Steering Layout

Need for electric/electro – hydraulic power steering systems:

Below mentioned parameters explain about a need for electric/electro – hydraulic power steering systems:

  • Control of emission @ engine idle
  • Efficiency of fuel
  • Control on flexibility
  • Integration with other electronic controls on vehicles like ESP, TCS, ABS and much more.

Below graph explains about consumption of energy by distinct power steering systems:


Graph1: Consumption of Energy by Distinct Power Steering Systems

Benefits of EPHS:

Benefits of EPHS are mentioned below:

  • Vehicle performance
  • Safety
  • Saving of energy
  • High range of future applications
  • Time to market
  • Cost
  • Quality

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Energy saving is done in following ways:

  • Decreased consumption of fuel like 1% to 3% reduction
  • Flow of demand according to speed of vehicle
  • High system efficiency
  • Low consumption of energy
  • Independent operation of engine

A benefit of cost and quality can be explained in below factors:

  • Assembly of components
  • Independence of engine
  • Final test in car
  • Operation of fail-safe which includes measures of protection
  • Responsibility of system lies with a single supplier
  • Easy supply chain
  • Low maintenance
  • Warranty cost

Below factors explain about benefit time to market:

  • Variable position of motor pump unit
  • Same packaging to existing steering
  • Tuning flexibility to steering system in advancement process

Content of the Seminar and PDF Report for Power Steering

  • Introduction
  • History
  • General Circuit
  • Component In Power Steering
  • Types of HMPS
  • Future of Power Steering
  • Advantages
  • Disadvantages
  • Conclusion

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