Hybrid Electric Vehicle PPT and PDF Report for ECE
Hybrid Electric Vehicle PPT and PDF Report for ECE: A hybrid electric vehicle’s short form is HEV and it could be a style of a hybrid vehicle and an electric vehicle that mixes a standard combustion engine (ICE) system with an electrical system (hybrid vehicle drivetrain). A hybrid-electric generates fewer emissions from its inter combustion engine i.e. ICE than a comparably sized petrol automotive, since an HEV’s internal combustion engine is typically smaller than a comparably sized, pure gasoline-burning, a vehicle is double-geared to run at most potency, additional up fuel economy. (Natural gas and fuel fuels turn out fewer emissions.)
Hybrid Electric Vehicle PPT and PDF Report
Although Ferdinand Porsche developed the Lohner-Porsche in 1901, hybrid electrical vehicles didn’t become wide obtainable till the discharge of the Toyota Prius in Japan in the year of 1997, which followed by the Honda Insight in the year of 1999. Whereas at first perceived as unnecessary attributable to the low value of gasoline, worldwide will increase the value of crude caused several automakers to unleash hybrids within the late 2000s. As of Jan 2017, over twelve million hybrid electric vehicles are sold worldwide since their origination in 1997.
As of April 2016, Japan is hierarchical because the market leader with over five million hybrids sold, followed by the U.S. with accumulative sales of over four million units since 1999, and Europe with concerning one.5 million hybrids delivered since 2000.Japan additionally has the world’s highest hybrid penetration. In 2016 the hybrid market share accounted for thirty-eighths of latest customary car sales, and 25.7% of latest traveler vehicle sales as well as Kei cars. Scandinavian nation ranks second with a hybrid market share of 6.9% of latest automotive sales in 2014, followed by The Netherlands with three.seven%, France and Sweden, each with two.three%.
Types of powertrain:
Hybrid electric vehicles are distinguished by depending on the way in which power is supplied to the drive train. They are:
- Parallel hybrids
- Series hybrids
- Power-split hybrids
A degree of hybridization:
The distinct types of a degree of hybridization are mentioned below:
- Mild hybrid
- Full hybrid
A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), conjointly called a plug-in hybrid, maybe a hybrid electrical vehicle with reversible batteries which will be remodeled to full charge by connecting a plug to an external electrical power source. A PHEV shares the characteristics of each a traditional hybrid electric vehicle, having an electric motor and an inside combustion engine; and of an all-electric vehicle, conjointly having a plug to attach to the electrical grid. PHEVs have a way larger all-electric vary as compared to traditional gasoline-electric hybrids, and conjointly eliminate the “range anxiety” related to all-electric vehicles, as a result of the combustion engine works as a backup once the batteries are depleted.
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The environmental impacts are:
- Fuel consumption
- Fuel consumption: Present HEVs decrease petroleum consumption under certain circumstances by using three mechanisms:
- Reducing wasted energy during idle/low output, generally by turning the internal combustion engine off
- Recapturing waste energy (i.e. regenerative braking)
- Reducing the size and power of the internal combustion engine
- Noise: Reduced noise emissions ensuing from substantial use of the electrical motor at loafing and low speeds, resulting in route noise reduction, compared to standard fuel or diesel power-driven engine vehicles, leading to helpful noise health effects (although road noise from tires and wind, the loudest noises at road speeds from the inside of most vehicles, aren’t stricken by the hybrid style alone). Reduced noise might not be helpful for all road users, as blind individuals or the visually impaired think about the noise of combustion engines a useful aid whereas crossing streets and feel quiet hybrids might cause a sudden hazard. Tests have shown that vehicles operating in electrical mode are often notably exhausting to listen to below twenty mph (32 km/h).
- Pollution: Battery toxicity could be a concern, though today’s hybrids use NiMH batteries, not the environmentally problematic reversible nickel metallic element. “Nickel-metal binary compound batteries are benign.
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Fuel used in vehicles types:
|High use of electricity
Regular hybrid electric vehicle
|Less use of petroleum but they are unable to plug in
|Plug-in hybrid vehicle
|Residual use of petroleum and high use of electricity
|All petroleum vehicle
|High use of petroleum
Table1: about types of vehicles and fuel used in them
Content of the Seminar and PDF Report for Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) ppt
- What is Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)?
- Hybrid Structure
- Components of HEV
- Advantages of HEV
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