Federalism Class 10 MCQ: Online Test (Quiz): Federalism Class 10 MCQ: Federalism is a mode of political organization that merges small states to form a big country within an overarching political system in such a way that allows each state to maintain its integrity and rule. This can also occur vice-versa in the case of big countries. Federalism can also be adopted by a big country to divide its power among the small states. This chapter also talks about the theory and practices of federalism in India and other similar countries. It also talks about various amendments and changes the Indian government has brought since independence to make India a proper federal type of government.

Federalism Class 10 MCQ: Online Test (Quiz)

1. Which of these is not a feature of federalism?

A) Existence of two or more levels of government

B) Each level of governance is guaranteed under the constitution

C) The highest court has the authority to act as an umpire in case of any dispute between any levels of government

D) The federal system is not liable to look upon the unity of the country

2. Example of a unitary form of government

A) the USA

B) Russia

C) Pakistan

D) Sri Lanka

3. Among the 193 countries of the world, how many follow a federal system of government?

A) 10

B) 12

C) 25

D) 20

4. Which of the following countries follow a federal system of government?

A) the USA

B) India

C) Russia

D) All of the above

5. According to the latest census, how many major languages does India has?

A) 25

B) 130

C) 121

D) 150

6. Which of the following is the objective of the federal system of government?

A) To safeguard and promote the unity of the country

B) Accommodate regional diversity

C) Both A and B

D) None of these

7. Example of a ‘coming together’ federation is

A) Belgium

B) The USA

C) Spain

D) Canada

8. Union list contains

A) Defence

B) Foreign affairs

C) Finance

D) All of these

9. State list contains

A) Irrigation

B) Finance

C) Defence

D) None of these

10. If there is a contradiction between the laws enacted for the topics on the Concurrent List, the decision of which government will take precedence?

A) State government

B) Local government

C) Union government

D) Foreign government

11. Who makes laws on the residuary subjects?

A) Local Government

B) State government

C) Central government

D) High Court

12. Special status is given to some states under which article of the constitution?

A) Article 15

B) Article 377

C) Article 152

D) Article 371

13. How many languages have been recognized as scheduled languages in India other than Hindi?

A) 21

B) 22

C) 23

D) 24

14. How many languages exist in India according to the 2011 census?

A) 1200

B) 1300

C) 1400

D) 1500

15. Which of the following state of India enjoys special status under article 371?

A) Arunachal Pradesh

B) West Bengal

C) Punjab

D) Himachal Pradesh

16. A shift from a unitary form of government to a federal system can be seen in which country

A) Belgium

B) Canada

C) Argentina

D) India

17. In federalism, power is divided between

A) State and Center

B) Various constituent units and the central authority

C) State, centre and panchati raj

D) None of these

18. A central government cannot order the state government in a federal system. Is the statement justified?

A) Yes

B) No

C) Sometimes yes, sometimes no

D) None of these

19. ______holds the power to interpret the constitution.

A) Legislative

B) Judiciary

C) Executive

D) Union government

20. What is the official language and not the national language of India?

A) English

B) Hindi

C) Bengali

D) Marathi

21. Which is the National language of India?

A) Hindi

B) English

C) Bengali

D) None of these

22. What do we call the Municipal Corporation officers?

A) Chief Justice

B) Collector

C) Magistrate

D) Mayor

23. In which year, a major step to decentralize India has been taken up?

A) 2019

B) 1947

C) 1992

D) 1950

24. _______is the head of the Urban Local Government.

A) Magistrate

B) Chief Minister

C) Mayor

D) Governor

25. Who can administer the union territories of India?

A) President

B) Central Government

C) Chief Justice

D) Governor

26. Subjects like computer software come under

A) State List

B) Union List

C) Concurrent List

D) Residuary List

27. What proportion of seats are reserved in Panchayats and Municipalities?

A) One- Forth

B) One-Third

C) One-tenth

D) Half

28. The third tier of the government is known as

A) Panchayats

B) State Government

C) Union Government

D) Local Self Government

29. Which of the following describes the revenue sources in a federal system?

A) States have no financial power or independent source of revenue

B) Each level of government’s revenue sources are explicitly constructed to support its financial independence.

C) Both A and B

D) None of these

30. Through which route can a country form a federal type of government?

A) When many small states come together to form one government

B) When a big country decides to divide powers into smaller units

C) Both A and B

D) None of these

31. What is Federalism?

A) A system of government in which the power is distributed among the central authority and the various constituent units of the country.

B) A system of government in which all the power resides in the central authority of the country.

C) A system of government where the loose organization of states decides to follow a powerful central government.

D) A system of government where all the powers rest in the hands of the military of the country.

32. Federalism is a system of government in which the power is distributed among the ______ and the _________of the country.

A) Central authority, various constituent units

B) State authority, local units

C) local units, State authority

D) None of these

33. Which of the following country is not an example of ‘coming together federations’?

A) Australia

B) India

C) USA

D) Switzerland

34. What is the main purpose of the Constitution of India?

A) It divides power between the center and the states in one list

B) It divides power between the center and the states in two lists

C) It divides power between the center and the states in three lists

D) It divides power between the center and the states in four lists

35. When there is a clash between the laws made by the center and the state on a particular subject in the concurrent list, which law prevails?

A) The Supreme Court has to intervene to make the decision.

B) Both the law prevails in their respective jurisdiction.

C) The state Law prevails

D) The Central Law prevails

36. In 1947, the Indian government made changes in the boundaries of several states to create new states. What was the reason?

A) To ensure that the people who spoke the same language can live together in one state.

B) To recognize differences based on culture and ethnicity.

C) To recognize differences based on geography.

D) All of the above

37. The official works of different states in India take place in ___________language.

A) Hindi

B) English

C) Their own official language

D) Is to be chosen by the central authority

38. ___________gurantees the power of the state government.

A) SupremeCourt

B) High Court

C) Constitution

D) Parliament

39. What are the various paths that federations have taken to form?

A) Independent states coming together to form a bigger unit.

B) A big country decides to distribute its power to its small states and the national government.

C) Both A and B

D) None of these

40. After which year, the rise of the regional political parties in many Indian states can be observed?

A) Period after 1947

B) Period After 2012

C) Period After 1960

D) Period after 1990

41. Which of the following language policy is true in the case of India?

A) The accommodation policy has strengthened the national unit.

B) Language-based states have created a sense of division amongst the Indian citizens

C) The language policy has only served to strengthen English’s dominance over all other languages.

D) None of these

42. Which of the following statement is true for the practice of federalism in India for decentralization after 1992.

A) Regular elections for local government bodies became constitutionally mandated.

B) State governments are required to share some of their authority and revenue with local governments.

C) Both A and B

D) Seats in elected bodies are not reserved for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, or other backward classes.

43. Which of the following is true for a ‘holding together federation’?

A) Power in a large country is divided between constituent states and the national government.

B) The central government is typically more powerful than the states.

C) The powers of the constituent states are uneven.

D) All of the above

44. The constitution was amended to make the third tier of democracy more powerful and effective. This major step for decentralization was taken by the Indian government in which year?

A) 1990

B) 1992

C) 2000

D) 1947

45. In 1992, an independent institution called _______________ has been formed in each state to conduct _______and _______ elections.

A) The Election Commission, Panchayat, Municipal

B) The new Judiciary system, Gram Sabha, Municipal

C) The Parliament, Panchayat, Municipal

D) The Election Commission, Panchyat, Union

46. Who runs a district in India?

A) Prime Minister

B) Chairman of the Zila Parishad

C) District Magistrate

D) Chief Minister

47. India is made up of states by ______together.

A) Holding

B) Separating

C) Joining

D)None of the above

48. Only 25 out of 195 countries of the world practice a federal political system which makes up only 40% of the world’s population. Most of the large countries of the world follow the federal system. Which of the following countries listed below is an exception?

A) India

B) Russia

C) China

D) USA

49. Why did Belgium adopt the Federal government even when it is not a big country?

A) It has a diverse population made up of multilingual groups.

B) It wants to copy big countries

C) Its government is not smart enough to choose the right option

D) None of these

50. What was the early name of Madhya Pradesh before 1947?

A) United Provinces

B) Central Provinces

C) Madhya Gram

D) Madhur Pradesh

51. What was the early name of Punjab before 1947?

A) North-West Province

B) Central Provinces

C) Northern Provinces

D) Punjab Gram

52. What was the early name of Rajasthan before 1947?

A) Eastern Provinces

B) Rajputana

C) Rajarsthan

D) North- Eastern Provinces

53. _____________ has been carved out of Madhya Pradesh.

A) Bihar

B) Jharkhand

C) Chattisgarh

D) West Bengal

54. ____________ has been carved out of Bihar.

A) Chattisgarh

B) Jharkhand

C) Sikkim

D) Madhya Pradesh

55. _____________has been carved out of Uttar Pradesh

A) Uttarakhand

B) Delhi

C) Punjab

D) Haryana

56. What is a coalition government?

A) Coalition government is a type of government where there is a clash between two major political powers of the country.

B) A coalition government is a type of government when at least two or more political parties merge together to form a government.

C) A coalition government is a type of government where the judiciary, legislative, and executive takes care of all the administrative responsibility of the country.

D) None of these

57. When the power is taken from the local and state government and given to the central government, it is called decentralization. Is this a true or false statement?

A) True

B) Partially True

C) False

D) None of these

58. Hindi is identified as the only official language of India because it helped in creating supremacy of Hindi-speaking people over others. Is this a correct statement?

A) True

B) False

B) Maybe True

C) None of these

59. A major step towards decentralization was taken in 1992 by amending the constitution. How?

A) Constitution was amended to make the central authority more powerful

B) Constitution was amended to make the state authority more powerful

C) Constitution was amended to make the third tier of government more powerful and effective

D) None of the above

60. What is a homogenous society?

A) A society with people who are all the same, especially if there are no significant ethnic differences.

B) A society that consists of people from various ethnic groups.

C) Both A and B

D) None of these

Sumit ThakurUncategorizedFederalism Class 10 MCQ: Online Test (Quiz): Federalism Class 10 MCQ: Federalism is a mode of political organization that merges small states to form a big country within an overarching political system in such a way that allows each state to maintain its integrity and rule. This can also...Seminar Topics