So far, several parties suspect that Muslims are anti-Pancasila. They continue to have the idea that Muslims are still moving so that the Constitution can return to the Jakarta Charter. To this Islamic group, they use the term “political Islam” or even “extreme right,” as the equivalent to the communist group called “extreme left.” The images have been popular since the 1960s, especially when the old order (Sukarno regime) stood until the G-30-S/PKI tragedy in its best moments. And this situation continued until the era of the New Order, although it was lost at the end of Suharto`s reign, between 1990 and 1998. But in the era of reform, the term has re-emerged. In a country currently threatened with bankruptcy, Islamophobia is recovering. Today, the presence is also clearly visible in various media campaigns. They are antipathy towards everything that contains Islam. As far as Sharia law is concerned, the wish is clear,” said Lukman Hakiem, author of a book on Islamic history and characters as well as former collaborators of the late General Masyumi and former Prime Minister of the Republic of Indonesia Mr Natsir. According to Lukman, to understand what the history of the state and Islamic relations looks like, the question of what happened around the development of the Jakarta Charter needs to be re-examined. First, it was to refer to what happened on 13 July 1945, namely the great meeting of the Preparation for Independence Efforts (BPUPK) to hear the report and ratify the work of the drafting committee of the Constitution. The meeting will take place from July 13 to 16, from the morning until almost midnight. At the time, as chairman of the drafting committee of the Constitution of the General Assembly, Ir Sukarno reported on his work in the form of the independence plan, which was the precursor to the opening of the Constitution,” he said.

However, according to Lukman, Sukarno went to great lengths to convince the participants in the Dokuritsu Zjunbi Tjoosakai meeting to accept the work of the nine-person design committee (later known as the Committee of Nine) as the best compromise between Islamic and national groups, the pros and cons emerged. The objection is particularly expressed against the phrase “seven words in the Jakarta Charter on the Islamic Shari`a”, namely: “The Deity with the duty to execute Islamic shari`a for his people…. On August 12, 1945, he decided to grant independence to Indonesia. That is why the Japanese government has set up the Preparatory Committee for Indonesia`s Independence (PPKI). Sukarno was appointed deputy president of Mohammad Hatta and radjiman Wediodiningrat. However, this commission was elected on the basis of regional representatives and not ideological representations, as in bpupki meetings, so that there are not many representatives of Muslims. Muslims are represented only by Wahid Hasjim, Ki Bagus Hadikusumo, Teuku Moh. Hasan and Kasman Singodimedjo. While the rest represents nationalists, Christians and Hindus. Of course, this type of effort garnered protests from different quarters and eventually led to an almost chaotic situation at the end of New Order`s reign. Efforts to make Pancasila more ideological in one way or another will only divide the nation, not strengthen unity. In fact, Pancasila`s function is a gentlemen`s agreement and not a column.

Moreover, this ideological process was deliberately created to get rid of a certain group of forces that contributed to the birth of this nation. The end will certainly lead to a rift between these nations. If all parties were in agreement with what happened with this nation, all parties should have ended the debate on the validity of Pancasila and the spirit of the Jakarta Charter.

Sumit ThakurSo far, several parties suspect that Muslims are anti-Pancasila. They continue to have the idea that Muslims are still moving so that the Constitution can return to the Jakarta Charter. To this Islamic group, they use the term 'political Islam' or even 'extreme right,' as the equivalent to the...Seminar Topics