CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA PPT AND PDF: Child labor refers to the employment of children in any work that does not allow to have children their childhood, interferes with their ability to go to school and that causes mental damage,  and also it is physical, socially or morally dangerous and harmful. Estimation says that 158 million children aged 5 – 14 are engaged in child labor i.e. one in six children in the world. Millions of children are engaged in dangerous situations or conditions, such as working in the mines, working with chemicals and pesticides in agriculture or working with the hazardous machinery.

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Regional estimates indicate that Asia and Pacific region harbors have the largest number of child workers. In sub-Saharan Africa around one in three children are engaged in child labor. All children have the right to education. Children and parents need to see school as the best choice for the children than work. The government needs to ensure that all children have access to compulsory education as a frontline response to child labor. The below diagram explains about the different works done by the children in India:

Fig1: different works done by the children in India

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Measures were taken by the government:

The measures taken by the Indian government to reduce and eradicate the child labor are explained below:

  • In 1998, the government of India launched the National Child Labor Project (NCLP).
  • The government of India launched the main program to remove or eradicate child labor working in dangerous or hazardous occupations and to rehabilitate them by setting up unique schools.
  • The government has worked to put them in unique schools where they are furnished with education, vocational training, monthly stipends, and nutrition and health checks.
  • Education for all children is the key that can bring about a fundamental change and aid to end or stop the difficulty permanently.

The below diagram explains about the statistical reports of child labor and with this, we can even know about the work done by the government in reducing the child labor:

Fig2: statistical reports of total child labor

Reducing child labor through technology:

Child labor is an intricate issue especially for developing countries where there is no protection for the rights of the people, leave alone children’s rights. But more importantly, the avail of child labor in the industries of textile and sports goods has been a source of serious concern for the country over the past few years. The use of child labor began in 1960 and since then it has been used as a means to expand the manufacturing base. Before the 60’s child labor was widespread in family businesses but rarely did children worked outside the home. With the enhancement in the number of new factories and a wish by factory owners to lower labor costs, the explosion of a child labor staked the economy of the country.

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Poverty is by far the most important reason for the avail of child labor in the manufacturing industries. Many families who are below the poverty line send their children to work so that they can include the money earned by their children in their family’s income. The enhancement in the inflationary pressure affects the poor and the segments of underprivileged of the society. The increase or enhancement in the prices of basic needs adds to the vulnerability to the worst forms of child labor. The deficiency in the education system results in children going to work rather than going to schools to acquire education. The facilities of education which are available in villages and small cities of the country are insufficient and very poor that parents have null motivation to send their children to schools and rather than that they prefer their children to work in the factories. For example, children who are engaged in stitching activities of football help them to learn vocational skills which aid them to earn a living and hence it is a more viable option than acquiring education.

There are many laws to protect the exploitation of labor but they are implemented in rare cases.     There have been a number of programs to avoid child labor and also the NGO’s are taking various measures for the protection of rights of children but other than some instances the problem of implementation of all these programs remains same. 

Problems of child labor in India:

Labor force engages in traditional activities, less than 9% work in manufacturing. Child labor is an intricate problem that is basically rooted in poverty. The government of India is determined to totally stop child labor in the country. The world largest child labor elimination program in India, with primary education targeted for nearly 250 million. The international program on the elimination of child labor (IPEC) has the world’s largest elimination of child labor in India.

Contents of child labor (prohibition and regulation) Act 1986:

The significant among the child labor (prohibition and regulation) Act 1986 are the following:

  • National commission on labor 1966-69
  • Gurupada Swamy committee on child labor – 1979
  • Sannot Mehta committee – 1984
  • Bans the employment of children
  • Regulates the working conditions of children in occupations
  • A special cell – child labor cell was constituted to encourage taking up activities like non-formal education, vocational education, vocational training, and provisions of health care, nutrition, and education for working children.
  • To focus on an area known to have a high concentration of child labor.

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